Book Reviews » "Fallen Angels, the Watchers, and the Origin of Evil"


FALLEN ANGELS, THE WATCHERS, AND THE ORIGINS OF EVIL, 2006, by Joseph B. Lumpkin, factual, /.
The Alpha: “The origins of evil are planted deeply w/n each of us…Free will and personal choice direct our steps to heaven or hell…Immediate gratification without regard for others…ride, arrogance, and selfishness are the seeds and flowers arising from the same root of evil….” (p. 5) “The fear of the Lord is to hate evil: pride, and arrogance, and the evil way, and the forward mouth, do I hate.” Proverbs 8:13 (p. 6) “The root and cause of all evil arise from a self-centered viewpoint that takes no one else into consideration. It is the drive to control, dominate, and consume. The condition comes from tunnel vision so narrow as to include only the person and his desires.
Isaiah 14: 12-14 “How are thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How are thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.”
Lumpkin attempts to give us “a full and panoramic history of evil.” Using The Book of Enoch, The Book of Jubilees, The Book of Jasher, The War Scrolls (1955; Qumran Cave), and The Bible, “weaving the stories together (p.8), the origins of evil are brought into focus.”
The War Scroll (revelation of last days) was found in 1955, in Cave 1, other fragments in Cave 4, in Qumran. It has been dated to 1st century CE, and it contains descriptions of “sons of light” (remnants of Jewish Faithful) “sons of darkness”, (children of Belial), “teacher of righteousness” (Jesus), mastema (Satan), and” rules for the military, religious preparations, and how the fighting was to be conducted.” (p. 9)
The Dead Sea Scrolls, found in the caves of Qumran, from 1947-1956, were penned in the second century B.C., and in use until 70 A.D., the date of the destruction of the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem. Similar scrolls to these were also found at the Masada stronghold which fell to the Romans in 73 A.D. Fragments of every book of the OT, except Esther, were found in the caves of Qumran, as were many other ancient books (non-canonical), in 1948. (p. 11)
The Book of Jasher was used as a source of information for Bible writers. Jasher means “straight”, “true”, or “upright”. Joshua 10:13 description of the sun standing still in the heavens for a whole day was also described in the Book of Jasher 88:63-64. Also, 2 Samuel 1:18 description of David teaching his army archery is also found in Jasher, according to Lumpkin, p. 14. Further, the author states: “The Jews of the first century A.D. held the Book of Jasher as a reliable historical document, although not “inspired.”
Midrash: “… writings containing extra-legal material of anecdotal or allegorical nature, designed either to clarify historical material, or to teach a moral point.”
The Book of Enoch (2 Versions today), dated to 2nd Century B.C. Jesus studied book because he referred to its doctrine and content in his teachings from the New Testament. (Over 100 hundred comments in the NT which find precedence in Enoch.) Juke 9:35 describes the transfiguration of Christ, original in Greek reads, “This is my Son, the Elect One. Hear him.” (Greek ho eklelegmenos, the elect one). The term, “Elect One” is a most significant term (14 x’s) in the Book of Enoch. Fragments of 10 Enoch manuscripts found at Qumran…teaching manuals…prayer books? (p. 20) “Athenagoras (170 A.D.) regarded Enoch as a true prophet. He describes the angels who ‘violated both their own nature and their office.’ In his writings, he goes into detail about the nature of fallen angels and the cause of their fall, which comes directly from the Enochian writings.” (p. 21) Enoch quoted almost word for word by Jude & Peter in New Testament: ““And angels that kept not their own principality, but left their proper habitation, he hath kept in everlasting bonds under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them…In like manner…are set out as examples…” Jude 5-7. “For if God spared not the angels when they sinned, but cast them down into hell, and committed them to pits of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment,” 2 Peter 2-4. Tertuillan (160-230 A.D.) even called the Book of Enoch, “Holy Scripture”. (p. 23) Enoch not one manuscript but composite of several manuscripts. (Inferior version of 2 Enoch not used for this book.)
The Book of Jubilees, also known as The Little Genesis (non-canon status) & Apocalypse (make known) The Book of Moses: This book leads through the union of fallen angels and earthly women, demonic offspring results, the cleansing of earth by the flood, and a claim that “man’s very nature was somehow changed, brining about a man with less sinful qualities than his antediluvian counterpart. “ (Altered natures theory only in Jubilees, p. 37) p. 26 Book also contains how demons came into existence & the place of Satan in the plans of God. Name “Jubilees” = division of time into eras known as Jubilees. One Jubilee occurs after 49 yrs, or 7 Sabbaths of weeks of years have passed. Numerical perfection of seven sevens. After seven cycles of seven or 49 yrs. 50= Jubilee year. (Israel entered Canaan in the 50th Jubilee yr, about 2450 B.C.) Mastema = Satan (means adversary or accuser); Mastema only mentioned in Jubilees & Zadokite Work fragments. P. 33 author describes Mastema as “subservient to God…tempts men to sin and if they do, he accuses them in the presence of the Throne of God. He and his minions lead men into sin but do not cause the sin. Once men have chosen to sin, they lead them from sin to destruction…encourage, facilitate decision, leading to our own self-destruction. Beliar (Greek for Belial/Beliaal.) means “without value”. Beliar was a demon known by the Jews as the chief of all the devils. He’s the leader of the Sons of Darkness. At time of Antichrist, Belial shall be let loose against Israel…God’s agent for punishment, considered a “Satan”. (p. 33) Watchers tempt & mislead cause mankind’s inability to resist sin. (p. 34) Entire text based on numbers 49 (pinnacle of perfection) and 50 (grace). In Jubilee years, slaves were freed, debts forgiven, and land restored to rightful owners….”grace filled the land and people.” (p. 35) This book gives categories of Nephilim: Angels also referred to as watchers; nephilim; eljo; giants, and human. The Nephilim contain evil spirit like their fathers. The giants, coming from same angel/woman union, were carnal creatures. Aljo lived to kill men. (Maybe cylcops or gods of war) Apocalypse (make known)/
Jubilees, Enoch, and Jasher, all have stories of “The Watchers”, “a group of angels sent to earth to record and teach, but who fell by their own lust and pride into a demonic state. Both Enoch & Jubilees refer to a solar-based calendar. (Judaism now uses a lunar-based calendar). In Jubilees, (364 day year) “circumcision is emphasized in both humans and angels.” (p. 29)
In the rest of the book, the author combines the ancient, oldest writings that were historical and prophetic, from the books of Jasher, Jubilees, Enoch, the War Scrolls, and the Bible, through Genesis, Samuel stories of Saul, the time of Jesus in the New Testament, to the Revelation, The Omega.
THE ORIGIN OF EVIL (rest of book w/combined source writing) NOTES:
Lilith (first wife of Adam) refused to submit to Adam, wanting the superior position; she would not allow him to head the family or affairs of earth. “Lilith became frustrated, angry, and intractable.” Eventually, cursing God, she changed form, flew into the air, and disappeared from sight. She became evil & said, “I have become this, created to cause sickness, to kill children, which I will never have, and to torment men.” Her demonic transformation was to that of a succubus (a female demon believed to have intercourse with sleeping men).
The Great War” in heaven, whereby Lucifer known as “son of the morning”, amasses one third of angels in rebellion against God. (p. 46) (#200 fallen angels mentioned on p. 56).
Adam & Eve eat from the fruit of the tree of good & evil/knowledge, at the serpent’s bidding, and are exiled from Eden. After Abel’s death, at the hands of his brother Cain, God had to prepare a “place for the dead” of man, since until then, no man had died before. (p. 53) Raphael said that the “spirits of the souls of the dead should be gathered here, that all of the souls of the children of men should be brought together here. And these places have been made to receive them until the day of their judgment and until the period appointed, until the great judgment comes on them.” (p. 53)
In the times of Jared, “for in his days the angels of the Lord descended on the earth, those who are named the Watchers, that they should instruct the children of men, and that they should do judgment and uprightness on the earth.” (p. 55) 200 angels, led by Semjaza, swore themselves together “by mutual curses” and “descended in the days of Jared on the summit of Mount Hermon. The “angels who kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he (God) hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness...” Leaders named Samiazaz, Arakiba, Rameel, Kokablel, Tamlel, Ramlel, Danel, Ezeqeel, Baraqijal, Asael, Amaros, Batarel, Analel, Zaqiel, Samsapeel, Satarel, Turel, Jomjael, Sariel. “These are their chiefs of tens.” “There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they gave birth to children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown (of legend).” (p. 57)
Angels taught men of earth “charms & spells”, “cutting of roots” and made them “acquainted with plants.” Semjaza taught the casting of spells, and root cuttings, Armaros taught counter-spells, Baraqijal taught astrology, Kokabel taught the constellations (portents), Ezeqeel, the knowledge of the clouds, Areqiel taught the signs of the earth, Shamsiel the signs of the sun, and Sariel the course of the moon. “Azazel taught men to make swords, and knives and shields, and breastplates, and taught them about metals of the earth and the art of working them, and bracelets, and ornaments,” and cosmetics…”And they turned away from God.” “The giants consumed all the work and toil of men. And when men could no longer sustain them, the giants turned against them and devoured mankind.”
Enoch, born of Jared, was the first man to learn writing, knowledge and wisdom, signs of heaven, first to write a testimony, recounting the weeks of the jubilees, years and months. “And Enoch was a righteous man who walked with God. And Enoch did not die but God took him up into heaven.” P. 64)
The Lord ordered Noah to build an Ark, because the earth has been corrupted. He then commands that Azazel be bound and cast into the darkness and split open the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him in. covering him in darkness, to live forever, without light. At the great judgment he shall be hurled into fire. God also orders Semjaza and his team who have associated with women to be bound for seventy generations under the hills of the earth until their eternal judgment. (70 generations of 500 years = 3500 years.) “God spared not the angels that have sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.” 10% of spirits or fallen angels (?) allowed to remain with Satan to do his work on Earth (pgs. 80-81).
Rained 40 days & 40 nights (p. 73), and the flood water (15 cubits x 18”. since each cubit equals 18 inches.) covered the earth for 5 months 150 days.
After the flood, “the spirits of the evil ones began to inhabit animals and men once again.” “Thus, the evil of the Watchers would continue to plague the children of God.” (p. 74, 75) sons of giants, sons of nephilim referred to on this page, also.
The Watchers came to Enoch…to intercede before God on their behalf.” (p. 77) God denies any request and states that they will live only 500 years. God says that the Watchers should be interceding for men with Him, not man interceding for them… (p. 78) God told them, “You were formerly spiritual, living the eternal life and immortal for all generations of the world. Therefore I have not appointed wives for you. You are spiritual beings of heaven, and in heaven was your dwelling place. Only after death will man know what you have known.” And “For the children of this world…. ….and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage, neither can they die any more. For they are equal to angels, and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.”
Giants will be called evil spirits; living on earth as evil spirits come out from their bodies because they are mutants…”Spirits of the earth which were born on the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.” “And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, war, destroy, and cause trouble on the earth.” Their spirits take no food, but do not hunger or thirst. They cause offences but are not seen. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them in the days of the slaughter and destruction. And at the death of the giants, spirits will go out and shall destroy without incurring judgment.” (P. 79) “These evil spirits shall torment men without restraint, inhabiting animals and possessing man until the days of the Messiah come.” (p. 80)
Tower of Babel recounted, with God destroying common language (Hebrew), and He dispersed cities and nations, “and they will not be in agreement together with one purpose until the Day of Judgment.” (p. 84) Mighty wind called, “Overthrow”, 1/3 of tower not destroyed but remains to this day, aloft, w/a circumference that is “three days’ walk.” (p. 86)
In the days of King Saul, the spirits of the evil ones, the sons of the Watchers inhabited the people and animals of the land of Amalek.” Saul is ordered by God, through prophet Samuel, to destroy them, but Saul and the people spared Agag, animals, etc. Therefore, “evil was let loose to plague and possess the world of man until the day when Messiah came.” Saul is told by Samuel that “rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry.” Saul loses his kingship & eventually his life, as a consequence.
Jesus’ ministry against Satan and evil spirits is recounted. The tribulation ends when the Son of Man descends in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. “And he shall send his angles with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. And while he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he have them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.” (p. 108) “Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection, on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.” (2nd resurrection Q) After 1000 years, Satan loosed, great battle of Armageddon, Great White Throne Judgment, w/book of life, dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their deeds. Sea, death & hell delivered dead, judged according to their works. “And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.” (p. 122) New Heaven and new earth created; no more sea; holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven…” He said, “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.” “He that overcometh shall inherit all things and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.”